c ) Endings with Split Pawns
In endings with split pawns prospects of winning are better and increase proportionally with the distance between the pawns. Generally, the weaker side draws only when pawns are separated by one file since then the king can simultaneously prevent the advance of both pawns. A typical position, analyzed in detail by C. Salvioli way back in 1887, is shown in the following diagram. White cannot win. The best he can do is to win the enemy bishop but in the process will lose both pawns.