N-455

  However, if we shift the pawns of the stronger side one rank further up the board, given a similar pawn structure, the passivity of the enemy king can be exploited winning by force. There we can see the enormous importance of the surplus of gained space since at the critical moment the stronger side […]

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N-454

  When the stronger side has not got connected pawns, a draw is possible even in very unfavourable situations since in addition to the steadfast defence of own pawns there is also a possibility of a counter-attack on the enemy weak points. The point of the defence always consists in preventing the creation of a […]

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N-451

  When the weaker side has no pawn weaknesses and piece-activity is approximately even, the position is usually easily drawn. Defence will be based on attacking the enemy pawns from the rear and a gradual reduction of material. An instance of a successful defence is shown in the ending of the game Speelman – Belyavsky, […]

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N-450

  When a passed pawn cannot be created due to excessive material reduction, and the king of the stronger side cannot attack the enemy pawns, the weaker side may draw even with a very passive king. A typical case occurred in the ending of the game Kremenecky – Razuvaev, Moscow, 1981.

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N-449

  That in a similar position king passivity is the crucial factor responsible for defeat of the weaker side is also borne out by the ending of the game Kaplan – Velimirovic, Amsterdam, 1974, which the “Encyclopaedia” considers erroneously as lost for White. As in the preceding example Black puts a lot of pressure on […]

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N-448

  Sometimes the weaker side cannot save the game if its king is passive despite a very sound pawn structure. This important exception to the general rule occurred in the game Haag – Kluger, Pecs, 1976, where the stronger side won by force thanks to the possibility of the direct attack on the enemy pawns! […]

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N-447

  3.9.3. Pawns on Same Wing – No Passed Pawn On the basis of the afore-mentioned material we can easily deduce that the weaker side will stand the best drawing chances in endings with pawns on the same wing – none of them passed. Whilst the stronger side will attempt to create a passed pawn, […]

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